泛素化在调控铁死亡中的作用
作者:
作者单位:

中南大学肿瘤研究所,长沙 410078

作者简介:

陶永光 Tel: 18774962929, E-mail: taoyong@csu.edu.cn石颖 Tel: 18974914446, E-mail: yingshi@csu.edu.cnTAO Yong-Guang. Tel: 86-18774962929, E-mail: taoyong@csu.edu.cnSHI Ying. Tel: 86-18974914446, E-mail: yingshi@csu.edu.cn

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基金项目:

国家自然科学基金(82072594) 和湖南省自然科学基金 (2021JJ30907) 资助项目。


The Role of Ubiquitination in Regulating Ferroptosis
Author:
Affiliation:

Cancer Research Institute, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China

Fund Project:

This work was supported by grants from The National Natural Science Foundation of China (82072594) and Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2021JJ30907).

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    摘要:

    铁死亡是一种由脂质过氧化驱动的铁依赖性的新的细胞死亡方式,越来越多的证据表明,铁死亡与各种病理状态有关,如神经退行性疾病、糖尿病肾病、癌症等,脂质过氧化驱动的铁死亡可能促进或抑制这些疾病的发生发展,细胞中抗氧化系统通过抑制脂质过氧化在抵抗铁死亡过程中发挥着重要作用。铁死亡的关键通路有以SLC7A11-GPX4为关键分子的氨基酸代谢通路、以铁蛋白或转铁蛋白为主的铁代谢通路,以及脂质代谢通路。铁死亡的发生受到细胞内蛋白质的调节,这些蛋白质会发生各种翻译后修饰,包括泛素化修饰。泛素-蛋白酶体系统(ubiquitin-proteasome system,UPS)是细胞内主要降解系统之一,通过酶促级联反应催化泛素分子标记待降解蛋白,随后由蛋白酶体识别并降解目标蛋白质。UPS根据其降解底物的不同在调节铁死亡的反应中发挥双重作用。UPS通过促进铁死亡关键分子(如SLC7A11、GPX4、GSH)以及抗氧化系统成分(如NRF2)的泛素化降解从而促进铁死亡,也可以通过促进脂质代谢通路中相关分子(如ACSL4、ALOX15)的泛素化降解从而抑制铁死亡。本综述介绍泛素化修饰在调控铁死亡进程中作用的最新研究进展,总结了已发表的关于E3泛素连接酶和去泛素酶调控铁死亡的研究,归纳了泛素连接酶、去泛素酶调控铁死亡的作用靶点,有助于确定人类疾病中新的预后指标,为这些疾病提供潜在的治疗策略。

    Abstract:

    Ferroptosis is a novel type of iron-dependent cell death driven by lipid peroxidation. More and more evidence shows that ferroptosis is related to various pathological conditions, such as neurodegenerative diseases, diabetic nephropathy, and cancer. Ferroptosis driven by lipid peroxidation may promote or inhibit the occurrence and development of these diseases. The intracellular antioxidant system plays an important role in resisting ferroptosis by inhibiting lipid peroxidation. The key pathways of ferroptosis include the amino acid metabolism pathway with SLC7A11-GPX4 as the key molecule, the iron metabolism pathway with ferritin or transferrin as the main component, and the lipid metabolism pathway. The occurrence of ferroptosis is regulated by intracellular proteins, which undergo various post-translational modifications, including ubiquitination. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is one of the main degradation systems in cells. It catalyzes the ubiquitin molecule to label the protein and then the proteasome recognizes and degrades the target protein. UPS promotes ferroptosis by promoting the degradation of key ferroptosis molecules (such as SLC7A11, GPX4, and GSH) and antioxidant systems (such as NRF2). UPS can also inhibit ferroptosis by promoting the degradation of related molecules in the lipid metabolism pathway (such as ACLS4 and ALOX15). In this review, we summarize the latest research progress of ubiquitination modification in the regulation of ferroptosis, generalize the published studies on the regulation of ferroptosis by E3 ubiquitin ligase and deubiquitination, and sum up the targets of ubiquitin ligase and deubiquitination regulating ferroptosis, which is helpful to identify new prognostic indicators in human diseases and provide potential therapeutic strategies for these diseases.

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曹灿,陶永光,石颖.泛素化在调控铁死亡中的作用[J].生物化学与生物物理进展,2024,51(6):1269-1283

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  • 收稿日期:2023-10-18
  • 最后修改日期:2024-05-26
  • 接受日期:2023-12-15
  • 在线发布日期: 2024-06-25
  • 出版日期: 2024-06-20